The Last Post of this Blog



      Today is my last post on Everyday I learn Something New. Don’t be sad, though. It’s just that summer break has started — woo hoo!
      Here are some interesting facts about this blog. I have written nearly 100 blog posts, 95 to be specific. I averaged about two hours to complete each post. The longest post was more than 1,800 words in length.

      I’ve definitely learned a lot with this blog.

      One of the most interesting things I’ve learned is how to tell which side of your brain — left or right — is dominant. That post explained why some people are sooo logical, and others are not trying to find a deep reason for everything, and are more creative. It’s interesting because knowing whether someone is left or right brain dominant can truly tell you a lot about that person!

      What I liked most about blogging was when I had the option of choosing what to write about. It’s easier to write about what interests you, because you’ll be passionate about the topic, and you’ll already know what to say. If you’re writing about something you don’t know a lot about and think it’s a dry subject, you probably won’t like it so much. My least favorite thing about blogging? Writing about subjects which to me seemed dry (i. e. caves.)

      Still, you don’t always have the option to write only about what interests you, in lots of writing assignments. That’s why it’s good to write about what doesn’t interest you. It’s kind of like photography. Digital Photography School says to “get out of your comfort zone,” and learn something new.

      It takes a lot to write almost daily about what I’ve learned. But I’ve learned a way to do it, that’ll make life easier.

      First, you’ll have to create the backbone of your post, which is basically a summary of what you’re going to write about. This will help you with things like knowing what information to put on your blog.

      Also, you will absolutely need a reason for blogging. If it’s not because you’re having fun, earning money, or getting educated, you might want to drop the whole blog. So make sure you know what you’re doing.

      Finally, you’ll also have to learn how to include only details people care about — or make interesting stuff they may not care about — and wrap it up so that it’s still interesting. Blogging a lot will help you do this, and so would being a newspaper editor.

      So what’s next for me? After this I’ll probably start a new blog.

      It’ll be all about what interests me — woo hoo! — and sometimes include more photos than words. This isn’t exactly considered lazy, as some may think. Photos are just another way to display your creativity. A picture says a thousand words, remember. So I may start a blog with photos. I’m passionate about photography, even more than writing. Of course, I’ll still continue to learn about writing. Over the summer, I’ll be reading a lot of books. And when school starts again, I’ll be back to writing. I’m homeschooled, as you may have known from my previous blog posts, so I’ll be writing — and writing research papers — not just blogging.

      Before I say goodbye, here’s a summary of what I’ve blogged about. I’ve learned about Google+, cloud storage, the table of elements, Elizabeth Blackwell, the origin of April Fools’ Day, the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas, StoryJumper, tarantulas, Leif Eriksson, the Bering land bridge, and more — all posts in which you can read by visiting the archive to the right. Use the search engine on this site!

      And to all of you who have read and complimented my posts, THANK YOU! All the success I’ve received when it comes to happy readers is amazing! But I did it with hard work. And I’m glad you’ve all enjoyed it.

      And now, au revoir!

Creating A Custom Error 404 Page

      What happens when someone types your website’s URL? What happens if they were to write something like this: yourwebsite.com/abou when they’re supposed to write this: yourwebsite.com/about? What happens when they type in a page that doesn’t exist on your domain? They would see a error 404 page, which tells them that what they wrote is incorrect. You most likely have seen one yourself, if you’ve mistyped a URL.

      Your website builder sometimes might automatically create an error 404 page for you, like this:


      Here’s another example:

      In Google’s case, there’s a robot who is sad because he’s broken into several pieces. The point is clear: Something’s wrong. You should create a custom error 404 page so that your website’s logo appears like Google.
      And here’s another website’s custom error 404 page:


      “So how do you create a custom error 404 page?” You might ask. Read on, to find out how to do so! Note, though, that these instructions may only work with 000webhost.
      First, login to your account at 000webhost. Once logged in, visit your website’s control panel. As shown in How Kids Can Build A Website For Free | Part 2 of 4 enter your file manager. In your public_html folder, create a new file. Name it .htaccess. Then, write this in the html box:

ErrorDocument 404 http://yourwebistedomainnamehere.com/error.html

      Obviously, replace “yourwebsitedomainnamehere” with your own website’s domain. Then, when you’re done, save your work, like this:


      After that, press the arrow next to the save button. Now create a new file. Call it error.html. Below is an example of code I created which you can copy and paste in the html box:

<html>
<body>
<style type=”text/css”>
body {
font-family: Arial;
}
</style>
<center>
<img src=”http://www.yourwebsitehere.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/downtown
.jpg” width=”800px”>
<br>
<h1>Whoops! 404! That’s an error. </h1><br>
That page you’re looking for might’ve been deleted, moved, or perhaps you mistyped it. Why don’t you go back to the <a href=”http://www.yourwebsitehere.wordpress.com”>homepage?</a><br&gt;
</center><br>
</body>
</html>

      Be sure to edit that code, using the help of Lissa Explains It All. You want your own logo, and a link to your own website, right? When you’re done, save your work.

      It’s that easy! You’re done creating your custom error 404 page!

      If you’re still confused, the 000webhost forum might be able to help you.

GIF vs. JPG


      Did you ever post a photo online only to get frustrated because it was blurry? Maybe your problem was the file type.
      Knowing what file type to save your photo or web graphic as is very important.
      Who wants to see a pixelated, not very colorful, or maybe even blurry photo? It would make your website or social media site look cheap. And if you’re selling something, nobody’s going to want to buy from you if they can’t even see your product. So that’s why this post should be very important to you.

      Recently, I wrote PNG vs JPG, a post about the two most-used photo files on the web. Today, I’m writing about GIF vs JPG.

      A GIF is the third most-used file type I’ve seen on the web.

      As shown above, GIFs are primarily known for animated images. So whenever you see a moving animated image on a website that’s not a video, it’s a GIF. Animated images cannot be saved as anything else other than as a GIF.

      When you see a GIF, you’re actually seeing more than one image (or more than one layer) saved as one. Adobe Photoshop Elements 10 and some other graphic design softwares let you create GIFs, and have more information on animated GIFs. For some reason, animated GIFs can’t be uploaded onto certain websites, or added to your document in Google Docs. JPGs cannot turn into animated images like GIFS at all.

      JPGs also don’t have the feature of a transparent background. Similar to PNGs, however, GIFS do have the transparent background feature. By reading this earlier blog post, you can learn more about a transparent background.

      GIFs are made up of a small amount of 256 colors, but JPGs are made up of millions. JPGs also look clearer than GIFs, which look slightly pixelated sometimes.

      Here’s the difference between a GIF photo and a JPG photo:


      Due to the color and pixel GIF problem as shown above, many people use GIFs for small cartoon web graphics. JPGs are better for most things, like photos and web graphics. This is why GIFs aren’t used as much as JPGs.

      Here’s what happens when you save a large web graphic as a JPG, and when you save it as a GIF:


      Notice how the GIF seems to have missing colors in it. Some people still use GIFs for photos and even large web graphics, because they really do save lots of storage. The above GIF is 324 KB, whereas the JPG is 652 KB.

      You can learn more about GIFs and JPGs here:

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/419584/what-is-the-difference-between-jpg-jpeg-png-bmp-gif-tiff-i

http://community.adobe.com/help/search.html?q=jpg%20vs%20gif&lr=en_us&hl=en_us&l=0

PNG vs JPG

      There are many different types of files you can save your image as. The two most popular, JPG and PNG, are sometimes confusing to choose from. Today, I’ll explain the difference between a JPG and a PNG.

      The first major difference is the quality. As seen above, you can tell that when saved as a PNG, the photo looks clear, but when saved as a JPG, the photo is slightly fuzzy. The blurry fuzziness is particularly noticeable once words are added to a photo on a JPG. PNG’s are usually known to make photos look clearer than a JPG.

      PNG’s do take up more storage, and can take slightly longer to load on a web page. The JPG above is 24.2 KB, whereas the PNG is 270 KB. For some people, like me, I say a slight amount more of storage isn’t a big deal and is usually worth it. I also think it’s worth a few extra seconds waiting for a PNG to load.

      If you still think there’s a problem with the storage and web page speed, there are software programs such as Adobe Photoshop that let you change the size of a PNG. If you’re using Adobe Photoshop Elements 10, you can resize your PNG using this tutorial.

      For some people, photo quality isn’t a big deal. Those people might be thinking, “What’s the big deal with all of this? I can’t even tell the difference! If a JPG is slightly blurred, who cares?” If you’re one of those people who doesn’t care about this at all (but you’re still reading this somehow), there’s still another great feature to my favorite file type, the PNG.

      This is the feature of a transparent background. Let’s say for example, your website had something like a dark gray background. And let’s say you wanted to add text to that website with a dark gray background, except you wanted the text saved as an image. Here’s what will happen:

      With a PNG, you can have a transparent, invisible background if you wanted to, but with a JPG, you’re forced to stick with a non-transparent background.

      Think of these two images shown above with a gray background like a layered cake. A PNG with words only will only save that layer of words, but a JPG will save the layer with words, and it’ll also add one annoying white background. This can get really annoying sometimes.

      Here’s how Adobe displays it. This is a JPG:


      Notice the two “layers of cake,” the text and the forced-on-you background.
      Now look at the PNG:

      The PNG has only one transparent layer of text!

      So now you know about PNG vs. JPG, and that my favorite of the two is the PNG file type.

      Tomorrow I’ll write GIF vs. JPG. A GIF is the third most-used file type I’ve seen on the web.

How to Install A Blogger Theme


      It’s very important to have a nice theme for your blog. You can have the greatest content in the world, but this is still important. Who wants to see a horrible-looking blog? I know I wouldn’t.

      This is why I’ve written this post: How to Install A Blogger Theme. These instructions are for Google’s Blogger, and will not work for installing a theme on other website builders, such as WordPress.

      Although Google has a selection of free, pre-made themes to choose from for your blog hosted by Blogger, these instructions will not teach how to install those. I don’t think it’s the greatest idea to use one of those themes. SO many people across the web have already used them for their blog hosted on Blogger. These instructions will only work for certain websites that provide Blogger themes.

    Log in to your blog
    Make sure you’re viewing your dashboard using the new Blogger interface. If you’re using the old interface, you might be confused about installing your theme. So switch to the new one. You can always go back to the old Blogger interface when you’re done installing your theme.
    Select Template, as shown below:

    In the top right corner of your computer screen, you should see a button that says
    backup/restore. Click on it, as shown below:

    Select Download full template, as circled in red below:


You’re downloading your template, because if anything should go wrong with installing your new theme, you would never be able to get your old one back again. You don’t want that, now do you? That’s why it’s important to have a backup of your current template (template is another word for saying theme, both have the same meanings).
Now that you’ve downloaded your template, close that box. Now select Edit HTML, as shown below:


You’re going to get this message:

Because the code you’re going to put was written by someone who’s an advanced user, select Proceed. Besides, you already have a backup of your current template, so what’s the big deal if something should go wrong?

    Highlight all that code, and then delete it. Now highlight, copy, and paste the code from your provider in that box. If your provider is using old code, it will not work with the new Blogger interface. The old Blogger interface isn’t going to be available starting sometime in May, however, so it’s important to make sure your theme provider is using the new code.
    Now you’re done! Here’s an example of a theme with a pre-made blog theme made by Google on the left, and then with a unique blog theme on the right. It’s a major difference!

How Kids Can Build A Website For Free | Part 4 of 4

      This post is the last installment of my four-part series, How Kids Can Build A Website For Free. To read part one, click here. To read part two, click here. To read part three, click here.

      Yesterday, you built your website, learned about site maps, created your website’s CSS, etc. Those are the hard things to do, so today you’re going to be doing easier tasks.

      The first thing you’re going to do is validate your website. When you validate your website, you are checking the code, to make sure you didn’t forget a bracket or anything like that. You can try it out here. An easier version to understand can be found here. The easier one doesn’t have confusing things like, “which encoding would you like?”

      If your website isn’t validated, you should read the previous blog posts I wrote, and revisit Lissa Explains It All. There might be something missing there that you didn’t understand. Another great thing to try are the forums of Lissa Explains It All. 000webhost also offers a help center if you’re confused about your website’s code.

      You also are going to need to make your website search engine optimized. There’s really no point in having a website when it’s not indexed by the major search engines — Google, Yahoo, and Bing. Making your website search engine optimized is very simple to do. All you have to do is add a description like this in the head section of your webpage:

      <meta name=”description” content=”Write in a paragraph or less what your website is about here.” />

      This description shows up when someone Googles your site. You’re also going to need keywords, which are also words people “google.” For example, if someone were to “google” landscaping, they would find your website, because you added “landscaping” as a tag. You wouldn’t be indexed on the first few pages though, unless you’re website that has been around for a long time, and lots of other websites have linked back to you. That’s why, for example, if you were to do a website design for someone, it would be smart if you told them to write that you designed the website, and include a link back to your site. Here’s the code to add keywords to your website:

      <meta name=”KEYWORDS” id=”mKeywords” content=”landscaping, snow, removal, landscape, installation, maintenance”>

      That should also be included in the head section of your webpage.

      You should also double-check everything else on your website. Make sure there are no broken links. This is neccesary, if, for example, you added a link to http://www.oogle.com but meant to write google.com. You should also make sure you didn’t misspell anything, or have incorrect grammar.

      The last thing to do is optional. You can purchase a domain, but it isn’t fully necessary, depending on what type of website you have. A domain can make your website look more professional. Nobody can remember google.hostedby000webhost.com as easily as google.com. So when you purchase a domain, you basically have a shorter URL, that’s easy to remember.

      Tomorrow you’ll learn how to create a blog!