Today I learned a lot about the Protestant Reformation.
The Protestant Reformation was a movement in which people separated from the Roman Catholic Church after believing Catholic doctrines and practices were unbibilcal.
The three people I learned about are: John Wycliffe, John Huss, and Martin Luther, who all tried to get the Catholic doctrine corrected.
John Wycliffe is known as the Morning Star of Reformation because he was the first person to ever speak out against the Catholic Church. The Bible used to only be in Latin, and at the that time hardly anyone could read Latin. The pope did not want the Bible translated in a language that the people could read in fear that they would learn and find out about the wrong doctrine of the Catholic Church. John Wycliffe and his followers translated the Bible into English, despite the fact that the Church was against translating the Bible.
After a monk and teacher named John Huss found out about the Bible translation done by John Wycliffe and his followers, the Bible was then also translated into Czech. John Huss did this so that his people could also read it for themselves. John Huss was found guilty by the Church and was burned at the stake.
Martin Luther wrote the 95 thesis which stated reasons what he thought was wrong with the Roman Catholic Church. He hoped to start a discussion on whether or not the teachings of the Church were correct. He nailed these writings on the door the Castle Church in Wittenberg, and the 95 thesis were also printed on pamphlets and sent across all Germany. The 95 thesis started a discussion across all of northern Europe — the primary spark behind the Protestant Reformation.
The Roman Church was furious when it found out about this. The pope wrote a letter telling Luther he must recant from what he wrote — to publically take back what he said. And they said he must also burn his writings. If Luther did not recant, the pope would excommunicate (remove) him from the Church.
Luther offended the pope and other Church leaders even more when he refused to recant. Luther was told to appear before a council for trial. Luther’s friends told him not to go, and they reminded him of John Huss. Luther went even though he knew that he could be executed. He wasn’t executed.
Instead, he escaped. After being rescued by a friendly noble who wanted to save Luther’s life, Luther went to a castle where he said he did the hardest work ever. At his time in the castle, Luther translated the New Testament into German.
Because of these people and many others, the Midieval Roman Catholic Church no longer held the people in fear, ignorance, and spiritual bondage. The authority of the Church leaders who wanted power were greatly weakened. The Reformation also re-established why Christ and the Bible are so important.
You can learn more about The Protestant Reformation here: